The history of Myanmar dates back to 3,000 B.C. as soon as the Mon people settled the area. Much later, roughly 628 AD, the Pyu civilization established a capitol in the neighborhood of modern-day Prome. The area of Myanmar became a unified state throughout the Pagan Kingdom from 1044 – 1077. The kingdom was encouraged by family taxes and therefore fell into decline due to over-spending on pagodas. In 1287, Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, ransacked Pagan, ushering in a time of conflict that would last for centuries. However, the existence of European countries had little effect on Myanmar until the infringement on the Raj in Bengal. This led directly to the British occupation of the boundaries of these states. After 60 decades, the British had total control over Myanmar.
On a positive note, the British occupation transformed Myanmar to the world’s most prominent rice exporter. But, there was also a flood of Chinese and Indian immigrants who often appreciated exploiting the Burman people. When the war finished, the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL) attempted to gain independence for Myanmar and triumphed in their efforts in 1947. Only three months later, the leader of AFPFL and the majority of his cabinet were assassinated.
The status of Myanmar actually began to go back in 1962 when General Ne Win overthrew the government and started putting a socialist government. The economy crumbled since the black market soared. Many taxpayers lost their status if their ancestors weren’t a part of their”original” Myanmar populations. Following the populous had had enough, what with all the devaluation of their currency, they revolted with riots and public letters. Eventually, Ne Win resigned in 1988. Months of chaos followed with protests, looting and a brutal police force. Thousands died in Yangon and different areas of the nation.
In 1993, the SLORC decided a national convention to draft a new constitution for the country, asking that the army be given a main government role. The convention wasn’t conducted democratically, so the members which were also a part of the National League for Democracy (NLD) literally walked off. In 1998, the new constitution was unfinished. Despite the country’s significant resources, its development is hindered today by the continually unsettled politics there.